What is Keppra Levetiracetam


Keppra Levetiracetam is an important drug in modern medicine, particularly in neurology and epileptology, due to its ability to effectively control and manage seizure conditions. This article aims to provide a comprehensive review of Keppra Levetiracetam, covering its definition, composition, therapeutic effects, uses, benefits, potential side effects, and contraindications.

A brief overview of Keppra Levetiracetam

Keppra Levetiracetam is an anticonvulsant used to treat epileptic seizures. It is a synthetic substance that acts on the central nervous system, reducing the neurological activity that leads to seizures.

Levetiracetam was developed in the late 20th century and received approval for medical use in various countries in the early 2000s. Since then, it has become one of the mainstays of epilepsy treatment.

Keppra Levetiracetm is a relevant and significant drug in the treatment of epilepsy and other seizure disorders. Its widespread use and efficacy have made this drug indispensable in modern clinical practice.

Composition and actaive ingredients of Keppra Levetiracetam

Keppra Levetiracetam consists of the active ingredient levetiracetam, as well as several excipients that ensure its effectiveness, stability and safety during use. The main ingredient and excipients together form a dosage form of the drug, which may include tablets, oral solution, and solution for injection.

The main active ingredient: Levetiracetam

Levetiracetam is the key active ingredient in Keppra, which belongs to a class of medicines known as anticonvulsants or anticonvulsants. Levetiracetam acts on the central nervous system to reduce hypersynchronous neural activity that leads to seizures. The mechanism of action of levetiracetam may include effects on intracellular calcium signaling and modulation of neurotransmitter activity, although the exact mechanism is still being studied.

Levetiracetam has a central role in the treatment of epilepsy and seizure disorders by reducing the frequency and intensity of epileptic seizures. The efficacy of levetiracetam in these conditions is well documented in clinical trials.


Carriers and fillers, such as microcrystalline cellulose, starch, lactose, or other polymers, are used to add volume to tablets or capsules, contributing to their shape and mechanical strength.

Stabilizers, such as antioxidants and preservatives, help maintain the chemical and physical stability of the active ingredient, preventing it from decomposing or interacting with other components.

Surfactants may be included to improve the solubility of the active ingredient, allowing for more efficient absorption in the body.

Binders and disintegrating agents are used to ensure that the tablet or capsule disintegrates in the gastrointestinal tract, which helps release the active ingredient.

Excipients provide the necessary pharmacokinetic properties, such as solubility, stability, and bioavailability, which are important for the drug's therapeutic effectiveness. They also help to minimize the possibility of gastrointestinal irritation and other side effects associated with the use of the drug.

The composition of Keppra Levetiracetam is designed to optimize its therapeutic properties, ensuring efficacy and safety for the patients to whom it is prescribed. The choice and combination of components play a key role in ensuring the optimal therapeutic effect of the drug.

Benefits and efficacy of Keppra Levetiracetam

Keppra Levetiracetam is known for its numerous benefits in the treatment of epilepsy and other seizure disorders, making it an important tool in medical practice. Below is a list of the main benefits of the drug:

  • Broad spectrum of action: Effective in the treatment of various types of epileptic seizures, including partial, generalized tonic-clonic and myoclonic seizures.
  • Possibility of monotherapy and combination treatment: It can be used as a single agent or in combination with other anticonvulsants to increase the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Good tolerance: Usually well tolerated by patients, with a lower incidence of severe side effects compared to some other anticonvulsants.
  • Minimal impact on cognitive function: Compared to some other anticonvulsants, Keppra has a lower risk of adversely affecting cognitive functions such as memory and concentration.
  • Rapid achievement of therapeutic concentration: The drug is rapidly absorbed and reaches therapeutic concentration, which allows for rapid control of seizures.
  • Low risk of interaction with other drugs: Levetiracetam has a low potential for interaction with other drugs, making it a safe option for patients taking multiple medications.
  • Easy dosing: The dosage regimen is convenient and easily adaptable to individual patient needs.
  • Availability in different dosage forms: Keppra is available in tablet, oral solution and injection formulations, which allows for flexible selection of the treatment form for a particular patient.

Indications for use of Keppra Levetiracetam

Keppra Levetiracetam has a wide range of indications for use, including

  • Treatment of partial seizures: With or without secondary generalization in adults and children with epilepsy.
  • Treatment of primarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures: In adults and children over 6 years of age with idiopathic generalized epilepsy.
  • Treatment of myoclonic seizures: In adults and adolescents over 12 years of age with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
  • Prevention of seizures: In patients after neurosurgical operations or other medical conditions accompanied by an increased risk of epileptic seizures.

This list of indications emphasizes the versatility of Keppra Levetiracetam as the drug of choice for various forms and conditions of epilepsy, providing effective treatment and improving the quality of life of patients.

Potential side effects and contraindications

Side effects may include drowsiness, headache, dizziness, irritation, and gastrointestinal disturbances. Rare but more serious side effects include changes in mood, behavior, and possible allergic reactions.

The drug may be contraindicated in patients with certain medical conditions and those who are allergic to levetiracetam or any other component of the drug. It is important to inform your doctor of all existing medical conditions and allergies.

Keppra Levetiracetam is an important tool in the treatment of epilepsy and other seizure disorders, offering efficacy and a relatively good safety profile. However, as with any medication, it is important to use it under medical supervision, given the potential side effects and contraindications. Keppra Levetiracetam continues to be a valuable contribution to the field of medicine, helping to improve the quality of life for many patients.