What is Lexapro Escitalopram


In recent decades, global medicine has made significant strides in the treatment of mental disorders, including depression and anxiety disorders. One of the key drugs in this area is Lexapro Escitalopram, which, due to its efficacy and relative safety, occupies an important place in modern pharmacotherapy.

A brief overview of the drug Lexapro Escitalopram

Lexapro (Escitalopram) is an antidepressant that belongs to the class of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This means that the drug specifically affects the level of serotonin in the brain, increasing its concentration and improving mood.

Escitalopram was developed by Lundbeck and first registered in Europe in 2001. Since then, it has been widely recognized and authorized for use in many countries around the world.

Lexapro, also known by its generic name Escitalopram, is an important tool in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Its relevance lies in the growing prevalence of mental illness worldwide and the need for effective and safe treatments.

Composition and active ingredients of Lexapro

Lexapro Escitalopram consists of several key ingredients that together provide its therapeutic effect.

The main active ingredient is Escitalopram oxalate. It is a salt of escitalopram used medically to treat depression and anxiety disorders. Escitalopram works by increasing the level of serotonin in the brain, a neurotransmitter that plays a key role in regulating mood and emotions.


In addition to the main active ingredient, Lexapro also contains excipients that ensure the shape and stability of the drug and contribute to its better absorption:

  • Microcrystalline cellulose: It is used as a filler and binding agent in tablets. It has no therapeutic activity, but contributes to the formation of a stable and homogeneous tablet.
  • Copovidone: It is a polymer used as a binding agent and helps to hold the various ingredients together, ensuring that the tablets are uniform.
  • Magnesium stearate: This is a salt used as a lubricant in the manufacture of tablets. It helps prevent the tablets from sticking to equipment during production and makes it easier for them to slide down the esophagus when swallowed.
  • Silicon dioxide: Used as an anti-caking agent. It helps prevent the powder from sticking together and maintains the stability of the ingredients in the tablet.

Depending on the formulation and manufacturer, Lexapro may also contain other excipients, such as starches or lactose. Check the drug's package leaflet for its composition and make sure it suits you.

Recommended Lexapro Escitalopram dosage 

The dosage of Lexapro Escitalopram may vary depending on the patient's age and the condition to be treated. It is important to follow your doctor's recommendations and not exceed the recommended dosage.

  • Dosage for adults. The usual recommended initial dose for adults is 10 mg once daily. If necessary, your doctor may increase the dose to the maximum dose of 20 mg per day. The decision to increase the dose should be based on the patient's response to therapy.
  • Dosage for adolescents over 12 years of age. The recommended initial dose is 10 mg once daily. If there is no noticeable improvement after several weeks of treatment, the doctor may consider increasing the dose to 20 mg daily.

Instructions for use

  • The drug can be taken with or without food.
  • It is recommended to take the drug at the same time every day.
  • When choosing the time of administration, you should be guided by personal convenience and ensure regular use.
  • The dose should be considered individually, taking into account the age, condition, and reaction of the body.

It is important to remember that self-medication and dose changes without consulting a doctor can be dangerous to health. A doctor should always be involved in determining the optimal dose and monitoring the patient's treatment.

Benefits and efficacy of Lexapro

When using Lexapro, there are a number of benefits and positive aspects that make it an effective tool in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Here are some of them:

  • The drug is known for its high effectiveness in reducing the symptoms of depression and anxiety disorders. A large number of patients report improved mood and reduced anxiety after use.
  • Lexapro is effective in the treatment of both adults and adolescents over the age of 12, making it a choice for patients of all ages.
  • Compared to other antidepressants, Lexapro has a minimal number of side effects. This makes it more acceptable to most patients.
  • The drug can be taken both with and without food, which gives patients more flexibility in choosing the time of administration.
  • Lexapro has a lower impact on weight changes compared to some other antidepressants, which is important for many patients.
  • The drug effectively treats not only depression, but also generalized anxiety disorder, which expands its range of use.

Lexapro is recommended for the following patient groups:

  • Adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder.
  • Adults with generalized anxiety disorder.
  • Adolescents 12 years of age and older with a diagnosis of depression or anxiety disorder.

Always consult a doctor for advice and to prescribe the best treatment.

It is important to remember that when using any medication, including Lexapro, you must follow your doctor's recommendations and be under his or her supervision.

Comparison of Lexapro with alternative treatments for similar conditions

There are several alternative treatments for depression and anxiety disorders, including other medications and psychotherapeutic approaches. Let's compare Lexapro with the alternatives and determine its benefits:

Comparison with other antidepressants

Lexapro Escitalopram belongs to the class of SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), similar to drugs like Prozac and Zoloft. However, compared to other SSRIs, Lexapro is less likely to cause side effects such as drowsiness or weight changes.

Comparison with psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in treating depression and anxiety disorders. However, CBT may take longer to complete and the success of treatment may depend on the patient's cooperation. Lexapro may be useful as an alternative or adjunct to psychotherapy.

Comparison with other anxiolytics

Other alternatives for the treatment of anxiety disorders are benzodiazepines such as Xanax or Valium. However, benzodiazepines can lead to dependence and drowsiness, while Lexapro has a lower risk of these side effects.

Prescription requirements

Lexapro is a prescription drug that is usually available with a doctor's prescription. This is to ensure control over dosage and medical supervision. To obtain Lexapro, you must see a doctor and obtain a prescription from your doctor.

Lexapro Escitalopram is an effective medication for the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders with significant benefits. When compared to alternatives such as other antidepressants and psychotherapy, Lexapro is noted for its high efficacy, lower risk of side effects, and the ability to be used in different age groups. 

Potential side effects and contraindications

Common side effects may include nausea, headache, fatigue, and insomnia. Rare side effects include weight gain and sexual dysfunction.

The drug is contraindicated in individuals with hypersensitivity to escitalopram and in combination with certain other medications. Special care is required when used in patients with severe liver and kidney disease.

Lexapro Escitalopram is an important tool in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders. Its efficacy and relative safety make it a popular choice among doctors and patients. However, as with any medication, it requires careful use and adherence to a specialist's recommendations.