Ciprofloxacin is a compound from the group of second-generation fluoroquinolones and has predominantly bactericidal activity. The mechanism of action of Ciprofloxacin is based on inhibiting the activity of bacterial enzymes necessary for the synthesis and proper structure of bacterial DNA nucleic acid. Bacterial DNA does not replicate and leads to inhibition of bacterial cell division and death. Ciprofloxacin tablet is the most powerful drug in the group of fluoroquinolones. It kills all bacteria but does not work on human enzymes.
The most common side effects include nausea, vomiting, and anorexia. Dizziness, headaches, seizures, and hallucinations also occur. Hives or photosensitization are less common. Joint problems or Achilles tendon rupture can also be one of the side effects of taking the Ciprofloxacin tablet.
The risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection may increase during ciprofloxacin therapy, especially in elderly patients. Patients should be informed of this risk and should contact the nearest emergency department or inform their physician immediately if symptoms occur.
In adults, Ciprofloxacin 500 mg is used to treat bacterial infections, including:
Antibiotic Ciprofloxacin can be used to treat patients with low white blood cell counts (neutropenia) who have a suspected fever caused by a bacterial infection.
Consult your doctor if additional symptoms occur, such as severe and prolonged diarrhea.
See your doctor if you experience sudden pain in your abdomen, chest, or back, shortness of breath, palpitations, or fluid retention in your abdomen or lower extremities.
Interactions can occur with many drugs, so some combinations are even contraindicated. For example, Ciprofloxacin 500 mg should not be taken with Clozapine, Citalopram, and Duloxetine. Ciprofloxacin has an effect that prolongs the QT interval, and with other active substances that also have this property, increases the risk of ventricular tachycardia.
Some drugs reduce the effect of the antibiotic:
If these medications cannot be stopped and the doctor insists on taking them, Ciprofloxacin is administered about two hours before or at least four hours after taking the above medications.
Ciprofloxacin 500 mg is one of the common drugs used for endodontic infections. It is effective against oral anaerobes, and Gram-positive aerobic organisms (Staphylococcus aureus species Enterobacter and Pseudomonas) and as a result, is often used in dental practice.
Ciprofloxacin 500, while effective in treating bacterial infections, may not be equally safe for all patients.
Antibiotics should not be used if:
If an allergic reaction occurs, you should see a doctor immediately. In addition, for many children and adolescents, it is undesirable to take Ciprofloxacin.
Ciprofloxacin is considered the standard treatment for patients with complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs). In this case, the patient should take Ciprofloxacin 500mg once daily with a regular regimen and 250 mg twice daily orally for 7-20 days.
The drug is prescribed for urinary tract infections. In uncomplicated cystitis, Ciprofloxacin is prescribed in a dosage of 250-500 mg twice daily for 3 days. In premenopausal women, Ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets may be used as a single dose.
For complicated cystitis, Ciprofloxacin 500mg twice daily for seven days. Complicated pyelonephritis: 500 or 750 mg 2 times a day for 10 days, and in some cases with a severe course of the disease (e.g., abscesses) the treatment may last more than 21 days.
For the treatment of prostatitis Ciprofloxacin 500mg or exceeds the dosage to 750 mg 2 times a day for 2 weeks to a month (in the acute phase of the infection), or 4-6 weeks (with a chronic course). Genital infections such as gonococcal urethritis or cervical inflammation: Ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets once daily with plenty of fluids.
In testicular epididymitis and inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, the patient should take 500-750 mg twice a day, for at least two weeks.
It is important that you comply with the duration of treatment, even if you suddenly feel better after a few days. If you stop taking the medicine earlier, that infection may not be completely cured and the symptoms of the infection may return or get worse. You may also develop resistance to antibiotics.
However, the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract does not always lead to inflammation and may not be a symptom of the disease. If there are no signs of infection and tests show the presence of bacteria, you are talking about asymptomatic bacteriuria, which usually does not require treatment. If you have further questions about the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Divalent cations inhibit the absorption of the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin. Therefore, one of the most important pharmacy tips is that the drug should not be taken with dairy products, mineral water, or other foods containing polyvalent cations such as magnesium or aluminum. The optimal interval is two hours before or at least four hours after consuming such foods. And be careful coffee and tea drinkers: Ciprofloxacin tablet may delay the breakdown of caffeine. In addition, like alcohol, the drug reduces reaction speed, so it is better not to drink alcohol or drive vehicles during treatment.